Sunday, 3 December 2000

From "The Social Contract"

By Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

Aristotle too had said, earlier than any of them [Caligula, Hobbes, Grotius, Tim Teeman], that men are not naturally equal, but that some are born for slavery and some for mastery.

Aristotle was right, but he took the effect for the cause. Any man who is born in slavery is born for slavery; there is nothing surer. Slaves in their chains lose everything, even the desire to be rid of them; they love their servitude, like the companions of Odysseus, who loved their brutishness [...] If there are slaves by nature, it is because slaves have been made against nature. The first slaves were made by force, and they remained so through cowardice.

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