Wednesday, 1 December 1999

From "Debating foreign aid: right versus left"

By Jean-Philippe Thérien (Third World Quarterly, Vol 23, No 3, 2002, p. 457-8).

In 1996 this more social view was laid down by the OECD in an ambitious policy statement entitled Shaping the 21st Century: The Contribution of Development Co-operation. [...] Based on the conclusions of the many UN conferences held during the 1990s, this document pinpointed three priority areas for intervention-poverty reduction, social development and the environment-and set specific objectives to be achieved by 2015. The most important of those objectives are to reduce by half the proportion of people living in poverty, to ensure primary education for all, and to reduce by two-thirds the infant mortality rate in developing countries. The OECD policy statement furthermore introduced qualitative goals such as 'capacity development for effective democratic and accountable governance, the protection of human rights and respect for the rule of law'. Thus, one of the features of contemporary development aid is to increasingly emphasise 'software' rather than 'hardware.'

No comments: